Construction design and construction planning are two important facets that are crucial to the success of any construction project. Typically, the construction design stage follows from the construction planning stage.
Construction involves planning, design, and financing and continues until a building is ready for occupants to reside in them. It requires assembling of four basic resources of labor, material, equipment and finance that will enable on-time execution, within a determined budget and with satisfactory level of quality. It is a complex activity; larger the scale of the construction the more wide-ranging multi-tasking it requires.
For a construction to commence, it has to go through planning and design (preparation stage). Byggprojektering stockholm requires taking all the steps towards completion of a construction in an orderly fashion. The aim is to arrange for funding, schedule the various tasks, and arrange the approvals required for tasks that must be accomplished so that the project can be completed successfully. Construction planning needs to anticipate any problems in the execution of construction in the design stage.
Generally, construction refers to translating the design into reality. Companies have to consider a mix of many procedures and their individual mechanisms, as well as adherence to best practices in sustainability. Sustainable design and construction takes into account the resources used and their environmental, social and economic impacts.
It seeks to minimize the use of resources like energy and water, ensure materials are sourced sustainable, minimize waste and provide buildings that are healthy and safe for users. Also, safety and health issues at the construction site have to be taken into consideration at all levels, irrespective of the job responsibilities.
Construction design, typically, refers to drawings and specifications prepared by the design team under a contract. Without the planning steps, byggprojektering cannot be successful. Design requires problem-solving as well as creativity.
It has to determine what changes are required to be made, as well as how those changes can be made in order that they prove functional and eye-catching. Along with deciding what needs to be done, there is a necessity to find out how much it is going to cost and how it will look on completion. The design team comprises architects and interior designers, engineers and contractors.
The contract can be a design-build, or construction management. Design-build is a best practice and current trend.
The beginning phase has three phases before the design is finalized. The final design must consider the requirements and specifications for the particular construction, follow industry standards for design and construction, keep in mind the budget allotted.
In the first phase, simple diagrammatic description incorporates all requirements including systems like water mains, electrical risers, etc.
In the second phase, the design is further developed with floor plans, sections and elevations in rendering describing patterns, materials, finishes, lighting fixtures, and special equipment, and other building elements. At this stage, an updated construction budget is prepared.
In the third phase of construction design, comprehensive drawings and specifications are prepared with the aim to secure a building permit that ultimately will be basis of the construction of the project.
The construction design stage as a whole, can take about one year till finalized.